The 2014 International Conference on Structural Nano Composites (NANOSTRUC 2014) aims to promote activities in various areas of materials and structures by providing a forum for exchange of ideas, presentation of technical achievements and discussion of future directions. NANOSTRUC 2014 brings together an international community of experts to discuss the state-of-the-art, new research results, perspectives of future developments, and innovative applications relevant to structural materials, engineering structures, nanocomposites, modelling and simulations, and their related application areas.
1. Nanocomposites for high temperature applications
Kanda Balasubramanian - Defense Institute of Advanced Technology, India
The application of fibre reinforced composites has been mainly seen on aerospace vehicles where the parts are subjected to a temperature range of 150 Deg C. The parts affected with such temperature range are the airframe skin, the aero-engine parts and the surrounding areas, and the parts exposed to hyper velocity or supersonic speeds. Papers concerning applications of high temperature nanocomposites are most welcome. Promising work is in progress at various aspects to improve the thermal stability and curing behaviour of high temperature polymer-composites is also included in this session.
2. Water applications
Ajay Mishra - University of Johannesburg, South Africa
Nanomaterials applications in water such as membranes, filtration, purification and treatment is a major breakthrough and opportunity and the opportunities for nanotechnology to positively influence this area of environmental protection. In particular, recent advances strongly indicate that many of the current water quality problems can be addresses – and potentially resolved – using nanotechnology.This session invites papers contributing to water applications e.g. water quality can be addressed using nanosorbents, nanocatalysts, bioactive nanoparticles, nanostructured catalytic membranes, and nanoparticle enhanced filtration.
3. Biocomposites and nanofibres
Susheel Kalia - University of Bologna, Italy
Present is an era of advance materials and development of nanobiocomposites is a fast-growing area of research in this direction. The properties of nanocomposite materials depend not only on the properties of their individual constituents but also on their morphology and interfacial characteristics. This rapidly expanding field is generating many exciting new materials with novel properties. All types and classes of nanocomposite materials lead to new and improved properties when compared to their macrocomposite counterparts. Therefore, nanocomposites promise new applications in diversified fields. This session will discuss some important aspects about the following topics:
Veronica Marchante - Cranfield University, UK
Nano-based pigments are promising colorants. They enhance the colorimetric properties of the dye giving more intense and saturated colours. In addition, they act as reinforce additive when they are dispersed into polymers. When colouring polymers, several factors must be taken into consideration, such as the compatibility between the polymer and the colorant, the stability of the colorant to the polymer processing conditions and the level of dispersion that can be able to achieve with the processing techniques. Moreover, the final application of the product affects the selection of the system (polymer and colorant). Papers contributing on this subject are most welcome.
5. Safety of nanomaterials throughout their life cycle
Maria Blazquez - Inkoa, Spain
Huijun Zhu - Cranfield University, UK
The physicochemical changes that nanoparticles can undergo by integration into a polymeric-matrix, and during the whole life cycle of the products are not well known. The health, safety and environmental risks that may be associated with products and applications of nanotechnology and nanosciences need to be addressed upfront and throughout their life-cycle and the respective risks managed. This session is dedicated to NanoSafety areas.
6. Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) and Constructive Technology Assessment (CTA) for Nano-Enabled Technologies
Marcel Weil - ITAS/KIT,HIU/KIT, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
Claudia Som - ERAM/EMPA, Switzerland
Nano-technology is considered as a key technology or as an enabling technology to overcome technical limitation and barriers in various technology sectors. Since nano-technology might both enable new technologies and improve existing technologies there are expectations that it can contribute to some of the grand challenges of mankind. In contrast it must be considered that positive and intended effects of nano-technology might be accompanied by unwanted side effects. It might not be sufficient, to assess the environmental, economic and social sustainability of nano-enabled technology only after the technology is already developed, because the result will so have little or no further influence on the fully developed product. Therefore, it should be aimed for a new development-paradigm on nano-technologies that involves system analysis and technology assessment as early as possible. Constructive Technology Assessment (CTA) can be used as a tool to increase the success of nano-enabled technologies and to ensure the contribution to sustainability goals. The idea is to broaden the perspective of developers beyond pure technological high performance and production costs already in the design phase. This aims at the identification of promising, more sustainable design corridors for such technologies. Existing tools like Life Cycle Assessment, Life Cycle Costing or Material Flow Analysis, for the assessment of the resource availability, are applied and methods are developed to mitigate data gaps in this early phase of technology development. A structured, close interaction and cooperation among material scientists, technology developers and experts for CTA and LCA may lead to the development of sustainable high quality nanoproducts and nanomaterials with the potential to help addressing some grand challenges of mankind. For the announced session all contributions are welcome, which contribute to the described interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary scientific field.